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The alto saxophone, also referred to as alto sax, is a member of the saxophone family of woodwind instruments invented by Belgian instrument designer Adolphe Sax in the 1840s, and patented in 1846. It is pitched in E♭, and is smaller than the tenor saxophone, but larger than the soprano saxophone. The alto sax is the most common saxophone and is commonly used mostly in Jazz , Blues, Rock & Roll & Classical music. The alto saxophone was also commonplace in popular music from the 1980s and early 1990s with the saxophone solo at the bridge of the song. The saxophone fingerings are all universal, so a saxophone player can play any type of saxophone.
Alto is in the key of E-Flat
Soprano is in the key of B-Flat and sounds one octave above the tenor saxophone.
Tenor is in the key of B-Flat
Baritone is in the key of E-Flat and sounds an octave below the alto saxophone
Bass Saxophone is in the key of B-Flat and sounds an octave below the tenor saxophone.
Contra-Bass is in the key of E-Flat and sounds an octave below the baritone saxophone
Sopranino is in the key of E-Flat and sounds an octave above the also saxophone